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An Improved NID Steganography Method for Low Bitrate Speech on VoIP

来源:世界期刊网 时间:2023-01-13 11:19:16点击:31

Abstract

In the procedure of encoding process on low bitrate speech, fixed codebook division is an efficient and promising embedding method for steganography. An improved neighbor index division (NID) steganography method based on the high bitrate frame of G.723.1 codec (6.3kbit/s) is proposed, which employs the parity and low distortion of neighbor indices for G.723.1 fixed codebooks. Differing from previously NID method which performs quantized index modulation (QIM) beforehand, the proposed method divides codeword indices into separate sub-codebooks according to the secret message bits dynamically in the original G.723.1 codec quantization period. Compared with existing NID method, our proposed method doesn’t need to divide the codebook before the encoding starts. The embedding and codebook dividing happen simultaneously, which utilizes the characteristics of specific secret message bits. The experiment results show that the proposed method has a much lower quality degradation for the decoding speech and still fulfills the low latency requirement for communication.

Keywords

Low Bitrate Speech; Steganography; Voice Over IP; QIM



References

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